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SOO BAHK DO - Moo Duk Kwan










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 Bienvenue sur le blog Shiwol do-jang !


Shiwol do-jang est un espace mental construit en France à partir de la pratique de l'art martial Soo Bahk Do -Moo Duk Kwan. 
Le Soo Bahk Do est un art martial coréen, façonné par la culture et la tradition coréennes. Si certaines de ses techniques remontent à plusieurs centaines d'années, l'art dans sa forme moderne naît en 1945. La Corée recouvre tout juste sa liberté après 30 ans d'occupation japonaise lorsque Hwang Kee fonde son école Moo Duk Kwan à Séoul, d'où est issu le Soo Bahk Do.

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La pratique du Soo Bahk Do repose sur les principes de respect du vivant ("hwal" en coréen) et d'harmonie nécessaire entre l'humain et la nature. Sont également considérées comme fondamentales la cohésion du groupe et la solidarité. Enfin, comme le veut l'empreinte confucéenne, la relation entre l'enseignant et l'élève étudiant est considérée comme étant de la plus haute valeur. On trouvera aussi toutes sortes de textes, réflexions, digressions comme autant de petites sentiers cheminant dans l'art martial et au-delà.

Articles Récents

26 novembre 2006 7 26 /11 /novembre /2006 18:44
Voici pour ouvrir notre nouvelle rubrique franco-coréenne un texte de Da-Hei, une coréenne de Séoul (plus précisément Inch'on) de mes amies. Da-hei a vécu plusieurs années à Paris comme étudiante et a exploré le fin fond de certains de nos traits nationaux. Nous en reparlerons.

De retour en Corée, elle réfléchit "au pays natal" avec un regard neuf ; elle travaille en ce moment son anglais et a profité de cet article pour s'exercer.

 Travaillez un peu votre anglais avec elle ...

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Impoliteness to weak people


I think all  languages have impolite expressions, with which we talk with a very familiar people, and polite expressions, with which we talk with unfamiliar  people. But particularly in Korean language, the split of this two different form is well-developed. (in Korean language, the polite expressions are well-developed compared with other west languages)

In many languages of west countries, we decide to use impolite or polite expressions, depending on the familiarity between people. On contrast in Korean language, it’s generally depended on the age and social position of a person we talk to. Thus, teacher can talk to his or her students with impoliteness and the students must talk to her or him with politeness. 

In my opinion, among the ancient Korean customs which are still practiced, the custom: “impoliteness to people younger or with low level jobs” is one of the those customs that should disappear. Because first, this custom is one of the important factors which support misused authority that prevent people from free communication and understanding. Second this custom could implant the idea of disrespecting the social weak people such as those with low status, younger people or children.

Indeed, language is the most significant factor to prescribe our mentality. We think and conceive by means of the language, also we express our thoughts by means of the words, and those words reflect our thoughts, experience, and our perception (point of view)to the world. As it is mentioned above, our language and our thought are correlated with each other.
 In other words, language can’t help but affect our thought and perception about things around us.
Let’s imagine that there is a teacher talking to his or her students with impoliteness and conversely, there is another teacher speaking to his or her students with politeness as his or her students speaking to their teacher. Which teacher can we say seems to more respect students as important people with whom he or she shares knowledge. In the class where teacher speaks to students with impoliteness and the students speak conversely is easy to become just teacher oriented class dominated by teacher’s authority, without sharing of  knowledge  nor students’ participations. In my personal opinion this authority which exist in the class in korea is one of the worst factor of bad learning-environment. And I want to emphasize that that authority could in some degree, have been affected by our vicious custom “Impoliteness” to low people.

Korea language is the language well developed in the area of politeness expressions to older or upper people, because of the Korean Confucian tradition of respecting them. And this tradition have distinct positive sides, compared to west cultures. For instance we live with the human duty and moral, being grateful and  respectful to older people. However as everything can’t help but have a negative sides, the culture with too much respect to older and higher people could neglect the human rights concerning with younger and lower people, which is the case in korea. I personally think in Korea now, this abused custom restrain younger and lower people not to be respected and make them unable to express themselves freely in front older or higher people.

To sum up, the Korean distinct tradition of respecting older and higher people with politeness language can be a good thing. But conversely if speaking with impoliteness to younger and lower people could disrespect their human right, we have to consider  changing  this misused custom. Because without speaking with impoliteness to younger and lower job people, older and upper people could be respected by them if they show their love and respect towards the others.

2006년 10월 3일 FROM SEOUL

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